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Understanding Acne Scars: Causes, Types, and Treatment Options

 Acne scars are indentations or marks that remain on the skin permanently after acne outbreaks have disappeared. They are brought on by the inflammation and skin damage that acne produces, which can lead to the development of scar tissue.
If you're looking for the best dermatology doctors in KSA region Makkah, Taif to address any concerns you may have related to acne or your skin, you can rely on the expertise of the top dermatologists at Al Adwani General Hospital. Simply contact them to schedule an appointment.
Factors that contribute to acne development  The presence of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and other flaws on the skin is a common sign of acne. Acne development may be influenced by several variables, including;

  • Hormonal Changes:

Especially throughout puberty, hormonal changes are one of the primary causes of acne. Sebum production might increase due to hormonal changes, which may clog pores and cause acne to become visible.

  • Environmental Causes:

Acne can also develop due to environmental causes such as pollution and exposure to specific chemicals.

  • Poor Skin Care:

Using harsh or abrasive skincare products or not washing your face is a bad skin care habit that can lead to acne.

  • Diet:

According to some research, eating a lot of dairy products, sweets, and processed carbs may make you more likely to get acne.

  • Genetics:

Acne formation may be influenced by a person's genetic makeup. You could be more prone to getting acne if your parents or siblings did.

  • Stress:

Stress increases the synthesis of hormones that can cause acne, which can also contribute to the development of the condition.

Exploring the Link Between Acne and Scarring:

The biggest organ in your body is the skin. It consists of three primary layers. The epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis comprise the three layers, starting from outside. In addition to shielding your delicate internal organs from the elements, bacteria, and UV rays, the layers also aid in producing vitamin D because of exposure to sunlight. Acnav_barsne can develop anywhere there are sebaceous glands, but the face, back, and chest are most vulnerable. Inflammation of acne lesions leads to acne scars. The pore wall breaks down, causing the acne pore to expand. Some acne lesions are tiny, leaving superficial scars that heal fast. Blemishes occasionally leak their contents into the surrounding tissue, leaving deeper scarring. To treat the scar, the skin produces new collagen fibers. 

Acne Forms and Their Characteristics

Acne appears in a variety of sizes and forms. Blackheads and whiteheads are common, and they usually heal without much trouble. The sorts that can leave scars are the following:

  • Papules: are tiny, raised bumps that are frequently pink or red on the skin. They can be uncomfortable to touch.


  • Pustules: These bumps resemble papules but contain pus. They can hurt and are frequently more prominent and noticeable than papules.


  • Nodules: are prominent, uncomfortable pimples that develop deep beneath the skin. They can last several weeks or months and are often red or flesh-colored.


  • Cysts: Deep beneath the skin are enormous, uncomfortable pimples filled with pus. They might be flesh-colored or red, frequently leaving scars as they heal.


 There are two primary types of acne scars:

Those that are elevated on the skin's surface or those that grow when tissue is lost, leaving an indentation in the skin's surface. This acne scar indicates that your skin may be functioning too effectively. To aid in healing the wound caused by the acne, your skin produces collagen (also known as "repair tissue"), but if it produces too much, elevated scars result.

Remember that having acne does not mean you will get scars. The good news is that not all acne scars are permanent, even though one in five people with acne will also have scarring. There are several treatments available. Some treatments effectively eliminate scars, while others stimulate the skin's natural collagen to repair itself.

How is acne identified?

A dermatologist will inspect your skin and check for particular signs of acne during the diagnosis. The existence of blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, cysts, and other imperfections will be checked for. They might also inquire about your lifestyle, medical background, use of any skincare products or drugs, and medical history.

 How common is an acne scar?

Approximately 80% of persons between the ages of 11 and 30 will experience acne, and one out of every five will develop scarring. The most affected group is teenagers. Acne will affect about 90% of them.

How are scars from acne identified?

A dermatologist will carefully examine your skin and search for distinctive features of each type of scar to determine whether the lesions are acne scars. They might also use dermatoscopy, a specialized tool to look at the skin more closely. Your dermatologist might suggest a treatment strategy that is tailored to your particular needs once they have determined the type of acne scar you have. This could involve applying or taking drugs, using laser therapy, or getting cosmetic surgery.

In conclusion, the first step in creating a successful treatment strategy recognizes acne and acne scars. Consulting with a dermatologist is the most effective way to receive an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan to achieve clear and healthy skin. For the best dermatology doctors in Taif, look no further than Al Adwani General Hospital.


Discuss treatment choices and management strategies with a dermatologist. Based on your preferences and the location of the scarring, they will identify the type of acne scar you have and suggest the best therapies. Contact us as soon as you can. Treatment delays make acne scars more severe.

How can I lower my chance of getting acne scars?

  • Wear sunscreen: Sunlight is essential because it helps your skin produce vitamin D by utilizing light energy. But too much sun exposure might make scars darker. Additionally, your scars will be more noticeable the darker your skin is. Avoid picking, scratching, or squeezing your skin; doing so encourages inflammation, exacerbation, and scarring.
  • Get instant acne treatment: scarring is more likely to occur the longer you wait.
  •   Avoid smoking: Smoking increases the chance of scarring. Not just scars from acne but scars all over your body.
  • Consult a dermatologist:  As soon as you can, get professional assistance! Please get rid of your acne before it leaves scars.